Senin, 05 Maret 2012

figure of speech in Indonesian

Style Language (figure of speech) is the way the author uses language as a tool to realize the fruit of thought and feeling / what is latent in his soul. Basically the style of language (figure of speech) is divided into two groups, namely:

a. Stylistics of social / community
 That is a style that is in use by the public sastrswan on
 zamanya / generation. For example, the authors of the language style library hall.
b. Stylistic individual / individuals
 That is a style that is contained on one author / poet

At this time the style of language is a way of a common language, in use not only by artists but also by the clouds. (Mostly) common =)

This type of style language
Broadly speaking, to differentiate the four types, are as follows.
A. Stylistic comparison 3. Stylistic endorsement
2. Stylistic allusion 4. Style of conflict

Stylistic perbandigan
A. Style personified 5. Style associations 9. Style of parallel 13. Style trupen
2. Metaphorical style 6. Senekdokhe style 10. Simbalik style 14. Style prirase
3. 7-style hyperbole. Metamonia style 11. Alegari style 15. Style euphemism
4. Style hyperbole 8. Antonomasia12.Gaya style alusio 16. Style apotofa

A. Style, personifikasii (pengisaran individual style)
Suppose lifeless objects in such person / inanimate objects that can move, for example: - menyiur leaves waving in the wind blow
  - Like a motorcycle's time in pesiun

2. STYLE metaphorical language (direct comparison)
A benada in comparison with other objects that have properties similar to these objects <semula>
For example: - goddess of the night coming out of peraduanya
  - Now it is like scum

3. LANGUAGE STYLE BALL hyper (excessive comparisons)
By using words that connote a sense of greater or pengertianya from its original meaning
For example: - the price of gasoline soared to the sky
  - Tiger on say grandfather, grandmother or grandfather

4. STYLE litotes (humble)
Using words that are opposite in meaning to that intended, but the purpose is only to humble himself.
For example: - What would you expect from me
    - The science of wealth was no less
    - Sorry, sodium absorption ratio can provide anything

5. STYLE euphemism (smoothing)
Replace a word with other words that take more subtle or polite, also are intended to avoid taboo
For example: - sorry, I'll be back soon
  - Tiger's grandmother or grandfather's grandfather says

Which provide a comparison to something already mentioned objects, which cause an association <response> to the original object, so the picture is more clear.
For example: - his face pale, like a month late
     - His spirit hard as steel

This style is differentiated into two types, are as follows:
a. Pars pro toto senekdokhe style <in part to all> the mention of
 an object, but the fact that the whole purpose,
 for example: - my father bought 20 eggs
      - Per head are required to pay Rp. 500.00
b. Senekdokhe pro-style totem prarte <all for some>
 By calling the whole, but which are intended only partially.
 For example: - Our school won the 1
   - RI women will commemorate Kartini Day

8. STYLE METOMONIA (substitute name)
 Dimasudkan change their objects only by name / brand alone,
 For example: - they go with toyota
   - Father's brother in order to buy breadfruit
   - Apparently five male black child
   <Replacement cat fur hita>

9. ANTONOMAYA (mentioning things that are not bright)
 Who uses a different name instead of mentioning the name of a person with
 nature, state features, such as: - the big belly fat (the fat)
 - The holy book of Islam should not be added or changed

10. Allegory STYLE <denoted>
By considering a parable to that in the short-painting a painting. For example: - the interest has grown in the garden and fragrant fruit beetles then fly buzzing around as about to offer himself <flower girl, the young beetles>

11. STYLE parallel
Contained in all statements, finely knotted in the essay on the secret of life, philosophy of life as a lesson that should be in the sample.
For example: - Ramayana and Mahabharata

12. SYMBOLIC STYLE (symbolism)
Describing something with other objects as symbols / symbolism
For example: - jasmine symbolizes purity =
 - Loan sharks = symbolizes metaphor for the bleeder
With this life we ​​often find nyang merciless usurer suck the blood of the people that are not red.

Figurative style by using the phrase, proverb / rhyme sampiran know that it is in general,
for example: - you do not always eat the heart of the mother
 - Ah, he's a loud sound empty kegs

* STYLE PRIFRASE <style parsing>
That pass something by using a word that contains a series of words meaning the same word in the dressing

Penyapa style is not to the human
For example: - O woods and leaves
- Why did you have fun

Language style innuendo
A. 2 style irony. 3 stylish cynicism. Style of sarcasm

Mengatajkan satirical way with the inverse of the real situation in order to satirize people / just joking.
For example: - you are almost too late (too late though)
  - A nice painting (presented to a student who will drawing be wall)

Satirical way that is greater than the irony. The converse usually no longer be said, but to say that a rougher again inverse
For example: - I am disgusted look at your behavior!
 - Fragrant abumu true!

3. STYLE sarcasm
The greatest satirical style when compared with irony and cynicism because menunjukakn spark of an annoyance. Hatred / anger <usually with harsh words or less polite>
For example: - your brain emang pinhead!
   - Pshaw, like a bear's face, memuakan!
   - Bastard! Dogs, bastards!

Stylistic confirmation

A. redundance style 7. Koreksio style 12. Enumeration styles
2. repetesio style 8. Asindesan style 13. Elliptical style
3. Petalellisme style 9. Polisdetan style 14. Style preterito
4. Tautdogi style 10. Interpusi style 15. Style inversion
5. Style climax 11. Eksklomasi style 16. Rhetorical style
6. 17 anti-climax style. Oratorical style

A. STYLE redundance
By using a word that did not need words, because nature is sometimes stated in the previous (in assert)
For example: - he was fighting down
  - I witnessed the accident with my own eyes

2. STYLE REPITISIO (looping style in plain language / free)
Style confirmation by repeating a single word / phrases in a regular narrative / in prose. Often used in speeches, conversations.
For example: - as long as breath was blowing, as long as blood is still flowing, as long as the heart is still beating, during which I also have to work and try to
 - Who's no wonder, who would not ask, do not worry about who will
  pebuatan it?

3. STYLE parallelism (repetition in poetry style)
With a pattern repeat a single word / phrases in the style of the poem into 2 types, are as follows.
a. Parallelism (from the beginning of a sentence)
For example:
From which the floating rice
From the field down to the times
From which the affection
From the eyes down to the heart
b. EPIPORA parallelism (at end of sentence)
For example:
If you want, it will come
If you're mum, she would come
If you ask, he will come
4. STYLE climax (rising)
By stating a few things in a row that more and more increasing, for example: a. Colonization means suffering, exploitation, and oppression
  b. Not only 100.000/100, even thousands who suffer from hunger.